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:: Volume 14, Number 1 (7-2017) ::
Strides Dev Med Educ 2017, 14(1): 31-41 Back to browse issues page
Development, validity, and reliability of a scale for exam preparation strategies among students
Abstract:   (704 Views)
Background & Objectives: The aim of the present study was to introduce a valid and reliable scale for the assessment of exam preparation strategies among students at Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Iran during the academic year 2015-2016.
Methods: In this descriptive exploratory research, a 25-item scale was developed based on a Likert scale in accordance with the literature. Face validity of the scale was confirmed, based on the comments of educational sciences experts. Three reliability indices, composite reliability, construct reliability, and internal consistency, were calculated. In addition to confirmatory factor analysis, convergent and divergent validities were determined.
Findings: The results of exploratory factor analysis indicated 2 underlying constructs: 1) deep exam preparation strategies, including 12 items (coefficient, 0.60-0.80; specificity, 12.4); and 2) shallow exam preparation strategies, including 13 items (coefficient, 0.61-0.76; specificity, 2.15). Cronbach's alpha was 0.94 for the first underlying construct and 0.92 for the second construct. In addition, the convergent validity coefficients ranged from 0.50 to 0.57, thus confirming the validity of the constructs. Moreover, the average variance extracted (AVE) of the constructs was higher than the squared correlation of the constructs; therefore, the divergent validity of the scale was confirmed.
Conclusion: The present scale for exam preparation strategies consisted of 2 constructs (deep and shallow approaches) and 25 items (deep approach, 12 items; shallow approach, 13 items). According to the analyses, the reliability and validity of the scale were confirmed. Therefore, this scale can be applied by instructors and students to evaluate exam preparation strategies.
Keywords: Development, Validity, Reliability, Assessment tool, Student exam preparation strategies
Full-Text [PDF 436 kb]   (167 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/07/2 | Accepted: 2017/07/2 | Published: 2017/07/2
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Development, validity, and reliability of a scale for exam preparation strategies among students. Strides Dev Med Educ. 2017; 14 (1) :31-41
URL: http://sdmej.ir/article-1-1525-en.html
Volume 14, Number 1 (7-2017) Back to browse issues page
نشریه علمی پژوهشی گام های توسعه در آموزش پزشکی Strides in Development of Medical Education
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