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:: Volume 15, Issue 1 (4-2018) ::
Strides Dev Med Educ 2018, 15(1): 21-29 Back to browse issues page
Critical Thinking disposition in the First- and Last-year Medical Students and its Association with Achievement Goal Orientation
Abdolhussein Shakurnia , Maryam Baniasad
Abstract:   (1569 Views)
Background: Since medical students play an important  role in public health system as well as the treatment of patients, the need for critical thinking in them is extensively felt. The current study aimed at evaluating the level of  critical thinking disposition in the first- and last-year medical students and its association with goal  orientation in  Ahvaz Jundishapur  University of Medical Sciences in 2016.
Methods: The current cross sectional study used critical thinking disposition inventory (CTDI) developed by Rudd and Ricketts, and achievement goal questionnaire-revised (AGQ-R) developed by McGregor and Elliot to collect data. The questionnaires were distributed among 255 students of which 204 (80%) students completed them. Data were analyzed using t test and Pearson correlation coefficient.
Results: Of the 255 studied subjects, 104 were the first-year and 100 the last-year medical students. The mean age of the students in the first and last year of medical students was 18.93±0.86 and 24.60±1.31 years, respectively. Moreover, 47 first-year and 66 last-year subjects were female. The mean score of CTDI for the first- and last-year students were 69.82±10.60 and 71.48±11.86 respectively, lower than the average range. Based on the t test results, there was no significant difference between this group students (P = 0.310). The mean score of CTDI and AGQ for all the study participants was 70.75±11.12 and 28.22±7.76, respectively; a significant correlation was observed between critical thinking disposition and achievement goal orientation  (P = 0.001, r= 0.294).
Conclusion: The results of the current study indicated that the CTDI score was lower than average range in the first- and last-year students; besides, lack of difference between first and last year students emphasized that educational processes should be propelled toward employment of approaches to promote and strengthen critical thinking disposition.
Keywords: Critical Thinking disposition, Achievement Goal Orientation, Medical Students, Medical Education
Full-Text [PDF 506 kb]   (380 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2018/05/12 | Accepted: 2018/05/12 | Published: 2018/05/12
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Shakurnia A, Baniasad M. Critical Thinking disposition in the First- and Last-year Medical Students and its Association with Achievement Goal Orientation. Strides Dev Med Educ. 2018; 15 (1) :21-29
URL: http://sdmej.ir/article-1-1595-en.html

Volume 15, Issue 1 (4-2018) Back to browse issues page
نشریه علمی پژوهشی گام های توسعه در آموزش پزشکی Strides in Development of Medical Education
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